There are several treatments for treating Crack Cocaine addiction; Crack, which is the freebase of Cocaine, is a highly addictive substance. Because of it’s potency, withdrawal symptoms can be extremely intense. This stimulant gives a euphoric feeling, or ‘high,’ which users may have difficulties in breaking free from. With prolonged use, tolerance to the drug results in a compulsive need for it.
Crack is a very dangerous and highly addictive substance. There are physical, psychological as well as behavioural indications which point to Crack use. Dilated pupils, insomnia, hypertension, suppressed appetite and weight loss, twitching of the muscles and bleeding of the nose are all symptoms of substance abuse. Psychologically, Crack addicts are prone to aggression and moods swings, hallucinations, intense cravings and a tendency to put a high priority on obtaining the drug.
The tendency for the drug to be abused comes from the body’s adaptation to increased amounts. This results in the need for higher doses of the substance, to produce the euphoric feeling which users crave.
When treating dependency on this stimulant, detoxification can be helpful. As withdrawal symptom’s can be terrible, the detox helps in mitigating its effects. This method is usually effective if professional medical help is sought. There runs the risk of relapsing if this process is embarked upon solely by the user, without medical supervision.
Getting the Crack out of the user’s system is fundamentally the first step towards recovery. This can be a very agonizing process, both physically and psychologically, where the user experiences terrible symptoms. In order to manage these symptoms, detox is important.
Withdrawal symptoms from Crack include depression and anxiety, nausea, physical cravings, fatigue, agitation and aggression. The intensity of these symptoms differs in each case. In addition, the level of Crack dependency and the user’s body chemistry and medical history, determines the detox duration.
THE RISK OF RELAPSING
Withdrawal from Crack can be a difficult process; for it to be effective, without relapse, detox should be undergone with medical supervision. Strong cravings occur which can be intense; for this reason, rapid detox is not a favoured treatment option. The process of withdrawal should be undergone gradually, to run a lower risk of relapse. Medical practitioners can personalise treatments based on the needs of the individual.
THE DETOX PROCESS
The process involves outright quitting of the substance. Anti-anxiety medications may be administered to help counteract the painful effects of the symptoms. Medication which may be used during Crack detox includes Gabapentin and Vigabatrin. Gabapentin helps in the reduction of symptoms such as anxiety and insomnia; and Vigabatrin, an antiepileptic drug, may be used to reduce feelings of anxiety and ultimately, prevent a relapse.